Posted by: ken98 | January 13, 2010

The Trinity Wars of the 4th Century – Arius versus Athanasius

Day 124 – Ken here (W)(1-13-2010)
(DEF v.2, ch.21, pp.780-790)

Sorry for the short topic today – down and out with some flu bug – but will continue tomorrow

We continue with the Mother of All Heresies – Arianism, and some of the more colorful figures in the controversy (Athanasius, Aetius, Hilary, and of course, Arius).

The Story
 
Three Systems of the Trinity

  • Arianism – Logos = created by the Father (First Cause), Logos = Son
  • Tritheism – 3 Distinct Beings = co-eternal, same age, rule separately but in concord
  • Sabellianism – the 3 beings are simple aspects of the single being
  •  
    Council of Nice (325 CE)

  • Homo ousion = of the SAME substance ( = Council of Nicaea, later Catholic,Prot Churches
  • Homoi ousion = of SIMILAR substance = Arian Churches
  • difference is the character iota = i (source of saying “I don’t care an iota”)
  •  
    Arianism

  • Athanasius – ArchBishop of Egypt – defender of Orthodoxy, hater of Arius
  • Aetius – Arian who went even further – deriding the mysteries of the Trinity – declared an atheist
  • Hilary – French Bishop (Poitiers) who was banished to Phrygia for his Arianism
  • At this point, the Catholics and Arians had duplicate Bishops throughout the empire
  • Athanasius and Cyril - on icons - Athanasius reigned (on and off) as ArchBishop of Egypt for 46 years, was 5 times expelled from his throne, and spent 20 of those years in exile - he supported the Tritheists and NOT the Arians - various emperors, relations of emperors supported Arius, so the 4th cent. was a century of war over the trinity in the synods of the church - it was not at all certain we would all end up using the Nicene Creed

    Athanasius and Cyril - on icons - Athanasius reigned (on and off) as ArchBishop of Egypt for 46 years, was 5 times expelled from his throne, and spent 20 of those years in exile - he supported the Tritheists and NOT the Arians - various emperors, relations of emperors supported Arius, so the 4th cent. was a century of war over the trinity in the synods of the church - it was not at all certain we would all end up using the Nicene Creed

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